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Warts, the benign skin growth
Warts can be of several forms, some painful like the plantar type (verruca plantaris), others causing very little or no discomfiture at all like the common (verruca vulgaris) or flat wart (verruca plana juvenilis) while some again are positively distressing like the genital type (condyloma acuminata). Though they are mostly caused by human papilloma virus (HPV), these growths are benign (non-carcinogenic) epidermal eruptions that often go away on their own. HPV may cause cervical cancer in women.
When the skin integrity becomes compromised or damaged, the virus can enter the deeper layers of the skin and tissue and result in a verruca developing. Some people are more naturally resistant to the HPV. Like any other infectious lesion, warts are spread by touching, scratching, or even by contact with skin shed from another wart. Occasionally, warts can spontaneously disappear.
Types of warts
Warts fall into one of six categories depending on their location and shape.
Common warts (verruca vulgaris) usually form on the hands, especially around the nails, but can grow elswhere. They are gray to flesh colored, dome-shaped and covered with rough projections. They can appear alone or in groups. They are most often seen on the ball of the foot causing pain.
Filiform warts (verruca filiformes) usually grow on the face: around the mouth, nose, or beard area. They are the same color as your skin and have growths that look like threads sticking out of them.
Periungual warts grow under and around the toenails and fingernails. People who bite their nails often have these warts on several of their nail beds. They can affect nail growth.
Plantar warts (verruca plantaris) grow on the soles of the feet. Children, especially teenagers, tend to be more susceptible to warts than adults. Plantar warts tend to be hard and flat, with a rough surface and well-defined boundaries. Plantar warts are often gray or brown with a center that appears as one or more pinpoints of black. When plantar warts develop on the weight-bearing areas of the foot they can be the source of sharp, burning pain.
Kids are more affected by flat- or juvenile warts (verruca plana juvenilis) - that occur on their face, arms, hands, and knees. They are small, have flat tops, and can be pink, light brown, or light yellow. If these warts are not timely treated, they go on increasing in number and size.
The causative virus thrives in warm, moist environments, making infection a common occurrence in communal bathing facilities. The virus gets transmitted from one person (infected) to another by using common towels or by walking barefoot on the bathmat or swimming pool diving areas (so-called swimming pool warts).
It is important to note that warts can be very resistant to treatment and have a tendency to reoccur.
Treatment of warts
Currently there is no cure for the HPV virus. Instead, treatment will simply eliminating the signs and symptoms of the virus.
1/ Many supermarkets and chemists stock verruca treatments which should be topically applied wart-removal preparations contain acids (salicyclic acid), chemicals (silver nitrate pencil) or essential oils (oregano oil), that destroy abnormal skin cells (warts) without also destroying surrounding healthy tissue. to the wart repeatedly till they disappear. Over-the-counter
2/ Warts may also be removed by a surgical procedure, performed under local anesthetic.
- by electrocautery
- with cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen)
- CO2 laser therapy The laser reduces post-treatment scarring and is a safe form for eliminating wart lesions.
3/ If the warts are kept dry and covered (using duct tape), they may well disappear.
4/ Immunotherapy is designed to use our own immune system to destroy the wart.
Egaver is a natural product with clinically documented effectiveness for the treatment of juvenile warts. During its development, manufacturers used the folk medicine knowledge, that under the effect of certain plant juices (summer apple, green plam, houseleek - sempervivum) warts were able to regress. Leaf extracts of the evergreen plant, Sempervivum tectorum (ST), are used to treat smaller injuries, inflammations, incisions and burns for a long time. Its leaves contain malic acid, citric acid, flavonoids, polyfenols.
These natural juice components have significance in modern phytotherapy too. The mixtures of citric and malic acid with low pH, similarly to ST juice, reveal wart-removing effect.